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Learn Pali-Language for Beginners

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammāsambuddhassa.

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammāsambuddhassa.

Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammāsambuddhassa.

 

 5. Recital of Initial Readings ( LESSON I)

 

 Exercise 1

 Buddhaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi;

 Dhammaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi;

 Saṅghaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi.

 Dutiyampi buddhaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi;

 Dutiyampi dhammaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi;

 Dutiyampi saṅghaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi.

 Tatiyampi buddhaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi;

 Tatiyampi dhammaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi;

 Tatiyampi saṅghaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi.

 

Exercise 2

 1. Cittaṃ, bhikkhave, adantaṃ mahato anatthāya saṃvattatī’’ti.

 2. Cittaṃ, bhikkhave, dantaṃ mahato atthāya saṃvattatī’’ti.

 3. Cittaṃ, bhikkhave, aguttaṃ mahato anatthāya saṃvattatī’’ti.

 4. Cittaṃ, bhikkhave, guttaṃ mahato atthāya saṃvattatī’’ti.

 5. Cittaṃ, bhikkhave, arakkhitaṃ mahato anatthāya saṃvattatī’’ti.

 6. Cittaṃ, bhikkhave, rakkhitaṃ mahato atthāya saṃvattatī’’ti.

 7. Cittaṃ, bhikkhave, asaṃvutaṃ mahato anatthāya saṃvattatī’’ti.

 8. Cittaṃ, bhikkhave, saṃvutaṃ mahato atthāya saṃvattatī’’ti.

 9. ‘‘Nāhaṃ , bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ adantaṃ aguttaṃ arakkhitaṃ asaṃvutaṃ mahato anatthāya saṃvattati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, cittaṃ. Cittaṃ, bhikkhave, adantaṃ aguttaṃ arakkhitaṃ asaṃvutaṃ mahato anatthāya saṃvattatī’’ti. (Adantavaggo catuttho.)

 

 Exercise 3

1. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppannā vā akusalā dhammā uppajjanti uppannā vā akusalā dhammā bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattanti yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, micchādiṭṭhi. Micchādiṭṭhikassa, bhikkhave, anuppannā ceva akusalā dhammā uppajjanti uppannā ca akusalā dhammā bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattantī’’ti.

2. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yena anuppannā vā kusalā dhammā uppajjanti uppannā vā kusalā dhammā bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattanti yathayidaṃ , bhikkhave, sammādiṭṭhi. Sammādiṭṭhikassa , bhikkhave, anuppannā ceva kusalā dhammā uppajjanti uppannā ca kusalā dhammā bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya saṃvattantī’’ti. (Ekadhammapāḷi, Dutiyavaggo)

 

Exercise 4

Anuppannānaṃ pāpakānaṃ akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ anuppādāya chandaṃ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṃ [viriyaṃ (sī. syā. kaṃ. pī.)] ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati; uppannānaṃ pāpakānaṃ akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ pahānāya chandaṃ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati. Anuppannānaṃ kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ uppādāya chandaṃ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati; uppannānaṃ kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ ṭhitiyā asammosāya bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā chandaṃ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati. (Aparaaccharāsaṅghātavaggo aṭṭhārasamo.)

 

 6. Recitial of Further Readings (LESSON I)

 Exercise 1

 1. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yo evaṃ saddhammassa sammosāya antaradhānāya saṃvattati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, pamādo. Pamādo, bhikkhave, saddhammassa sammosāya antaradhānāya saṃvattatī’’ti.

2. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yo evaṃ saddhammassa ṭhitiyā asammosāya anantaradhānāya saṃvattati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, appamādo. Appamādo , bhikkhave, saddhammassa ṭhitiyā asammosāya anantaradhānāya saṃvattatī’’ti.

 3. ‘‘Nāhaṃ , bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yo evaṃ saddhammassa sammosāya antaradhānāya saṃvattati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, kosajjaṃ. Kosajjaṃ, bhikkhave, saddhammassa sammosāya antaradhānāya saṃvattatī’’ti.

 4. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yo evaṃ saddhammassa ṭhitiyā asammosāya anantaradhānāya saṃvattati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, vīriyārambho. Vīriyārambho, bhikkhave, saddhammassa ṭhitiyā asammosāya anantaradhānāya saṃvattatī’’ti.

 5. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekadhammampi samanupassāmi yo evaṃ saddhammassa ṭhitiyā asammosāya anantaradhānāya saṃvattati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, anuyogo kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ, ananuyogo akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ. Anuyogo, bhikkhave, kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ, ananuyogo akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ saddhammassa ṭhitiyā asammosāya anantaradhānāya saṃvattatī’’ti. Catukkoṭikaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ. (Dutiyapamādādivaggo dasamo.)

 Exercise 2
1. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekarūpampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ purisassa cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, itthirūpaṃ. Itthirūpaṃ, bhikkhave, purisassa cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhatī’’ti.

 2. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekasaddampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ purisassa cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, itthisaddo. Itthisaddo, bhikkhave, purisassa cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhatī’’ti.

 3. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekagandhampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ purisassa cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, itthigandho. Itthigandho, bhikkhave, purisassa cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhatī’’ti.

 4. ‘‘Nāhaṃ , bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekarasampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ purisassa cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, itthiraso. Itthiraso, bhikkhave, purisassa cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhatī’’ti.

 5. ‘‘Nāhaṃ , bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekaphoṭṭhabbampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ purisassa cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, itthiphoṭṭhabbo. Itthiphoṭṭhabbo, bhikkhave, purisassa cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhatī’’ti.

 6. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekarūpampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ itthiyā cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, purisarūpaṃ. Purisarūpaṃ, bhikkhave, itthiyā cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhatī’’ti.

 7. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekasaddampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ itthiyā cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, purisasaddo. Purisasaddo, bhikkhave, itthiyā cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhatī’’ti.

 8. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekagandhampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ itthiyā cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, purisagandho. Purisagandho, bhikkhave, itthiyā cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhatī’’ti.

 9. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekarasampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ itthiyā cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, purisaraso. Purisaraso, bhikkhave, itthiyā cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhatī’’ti.

 10. ‘‘Nāhaṃ, bhikkhave, aññaṃ ekaphoṭṭhabbampi samanupassāmi yaṃ evaṃ itthiyā cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhati yathayidaṃ, bhikkhave, purisaphoṭṭhabbo. Purisaphoṭṭhabbo, bhikkhave, itthiyā cittaṃ pariyādāya tiṭṭhatī’’ti. (Rūpādivaggo paṭhamo.)

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9. Recital of Initial Readings ( LESSON II)

 

Exercise 1

Kiccho manussapaṭilābho, kicchaṃ maccāna jīvitaṃ;

Kicchaṃ saddhammassavanaṃ, kiccho buddhānamuppādo.

Sabbapāpassa akaraṇaṃ, kusalassa upasampadā;

Sacittapariyodapanaṃ, etaṃ buddhāna sāsanaṃ. 1-

Na hi verena verāni, sammantīdha kudācanaṃ;

Averena ca sammanti, esa dhammo sanantano. 2-

(1- Dhp. Buddhavaggo, Dhp. 2- Yamakavaggo)

 

Exercise 2

‘‘Tīhi , bhikkhave, aṅgehi samannāgato pāpaṇiko abhabbo anadhigataṃ vā bhogaṃ adhigantuṃ, adhigataṃ vā bhogaṃ phātiṃ kātuṃ. Katamehi tīhi? Idha, bhikkhave, pāpaṇiko pubbaṇhasamayaṃ [majjhantikasamayaṃ (sī. syā. kaṃ. pī.)] na sakkaccaṃ kammantaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, majjhanhikasamayaṃ na sakkaccaṃ kammantaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, sāyanhasamayaṃ na sakkaccaṃ kammantaṃ adhiṭṭhāti. Imehi kho, bhikkhave, tīhi aṅgehi samannāgato pāpaṇiko abhabbo anadhigataṃ vā bhogaṃ adhigantuṃ, adhigataṃ vā bhogaṃ phātiṃ kātuṃ [phātikattuṃ (sī.), phātikātuṃ (syā. kaṃ. pī.)].

‘‘Evamevaṃ kho, bhikkhave, tīhi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu abhabbo anadhigataṃ vā kusalaṃ dhammaṃ adhigantuṃ, adhigataṃ vā kusalaṃ dhammaṃ phātiṃ kātuṃ. Katamehi tīhi? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu pubbaṇhasamayaṃ na sakkaccaṃ samādhinimittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, majjhanhikasamayaṃ na sakkaccaṃ samādhinimittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, sāyanhasamayaṃ na sakkaccaṃ samādhinimittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti. Imehi kho, bhikkhave, tīhi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu abhabbo anadhigataṃ vā kusalaṃ dhammaṃ adhigantuṃ, adhigataṃ vā kusalaṃ dhammaṃ phātiṃ kātuṃ.

‘‘Tīhi , bhikkhave, aṅgehi samannāgato pāpaṇiko bhabbo anadhigataṃ vā bhogaṃ adhigantuṃ, adhigataṃ vā bhogaṃ phātiṃ kātuṃ. Katamehi tīhi? Idha , bhikkhave, pāpaṇiko pubbaṇhasamayaṃ sakkaccaṃ kammantaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, majjhanhikasamayaṃ…pe… sāyanhasamayaṃ sakkaccaṃ kammantaṃ adhiṭṭhāti. Imehi kho, bhikkhave, tīhi aṅgehi samannāgato pāpaṇiko bhabbo anadhigataṃ vā bhogaṃ adhigantuṃ, adhigataṃ vā bhogaṃ phātiṃ kātuṃ.

‘‘Evamevaṃ kho, bhikkhave, tīhi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu bhabbo anadhigataṃ vā kusalaṃ dhammaṃ adhigantuṃ, adhigataṃ vā kusalaṃ dhammaṃ phātiṃ kātuṃ. Katamehi tīhi? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu pubbaṇhasamayaṃ sakkaccaṃ samādhinimittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, majjhanhikasamayaṃ…pe… sāyanhasamayaṃ sakkaccaṃ samādhinimittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti. Imehi kho, bhikkhave, tīhi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu bhabbo anadhigataṃ vā kusalaṃ dhammaṃ adhigantuṃ, adhigataṃ vā kusalaṃ dhammaṃ phātiṃ kātu’’nti.

(A.3/19, Rathakāravaggo, Paṭhamapāpaṇikasuttaṃ)

 

Exercise 3

Evamevaṃ kho, bhikkhave, appakā te sattā ye manussesu paccājāyanti; atha kho eteva sattā bahutarā ye aññatra manussehi paccājāyanti.

… Evamevaṃ kho, bhikkhave, appakā te sattā ye majjhimesu janapadesu paccājāyanti; atha kho eteva sattā bahutarā ye paccantimesu janapadesu paccājāyanti aviññātāresu milakkhesu

Evamevaṃ kho, bhikkhave, appakā te sattā ye paññavanto ajaḷā aneḷamūgā paṭibalā subhāsitadubbhāsitassa atthamaññātuṃ; atha kho eteva sattā bahutarā ye duppaññā jaḷā eḷamūgā na paṭibalā subhāsitadubbhāsitassa atthamaññātuṃ.

… Evamevaṃ kho, bhikkhave, appakā te sattā ye ariyena paññācakkhunā samannāgatā; atha kho eteva sattā bahutarā ye avijjāgatā sammūḷhā.

… Evamevaṃ kho, bhikkhave, appakā te sattā ye labhanti tathāgataṃ dassanāya; atha kho eteva sattā bahutarā ye na labhanti tathāgataṃ dassanāya.

… Evamevaṃ kho, bhikkhave, appakā te sattā ye labhanti tathāgatappaveditaṃ dhammavinayaṃ savanāya; atha kho eteva sattā bahutarā ye na labhanti tathāgatappaveditaṃ dhammavinayaṃ savanāya.

(A.1/323, Ekadhammapāḷi, Catutthavaggo)

 

 

10. Recitial of Further Readings (LESSON II)

 

Exercise 1

Yaṃ, bhikkhave, adosapakataṃ kammaṃ adosajaṃ adosanidānaṃ adosasamudayaṃ, taṃ kammaṃ kusalaṃ taṃ kammaṃ anavajjaṃ taṃ kammaṃ sukhavipākaṃ, taṃ kammaṃ kammanirodhāya saṃvattati, na taṃ kammaṃ kammasamudayāya saṃvattati. Yaṃ, bhikkhave, amohapakataṃ kammaṃ amohajaṃ amohanidānaṃ amohasamudayaṃ, taṃ kammaṃ kusalaṃ taṃ kammaṃ anavajjaṃ taṃ kammaṃ sukhavipākaṃ, taṃ kammaṃ kammanirodhāya saṃvattati, na taṃ kammaṃ kammasamudayāya saṃvattati. Imāni kho, bhikkhave, tīṇi nidānāni kammānaṃ samudayāyā’’ti.

 (A.3/112, Sambodhavaggo, Paṭhamanidānasuttaṃ)

 

Exercise 2

‘‘Pañcahi, bhikkhave, dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu cavati, nappatiṭṭhāti saddhamme. Katamehi pañcahi? Asaddho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cavati, nappatiṭṭhāti saddhamme . Ahiriko, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cavati, nappatiṭṭhāti saddhamme. Anottappī, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cavati, nappatiṭṭhāti saddhamme. Kusīto, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cavati, nappatiṭṭhāti saddhamme. Duppañño, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cavati, nappatiṭṭhāti saddhamme. Imehi kho, bhikkhave, pañcahi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu cavati, nappatiṭṭhāti saddhamme.

‘‘Pañcahi , bhikkhave, dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu na cavati, patiṭṭhāti saddhamme. Katamehi pañcahi? Saddho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na cavati , patiṭṭhāti saddhamme. Hirīmā, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na cavati, patiṭṭhāti saddhamme. Ottappī, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na cavati, patiṭṭhāti saddhamme. Āraddhavīriyo, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na cavati, patiṭṭhāti saddhamme. Paññavā, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na cavati, patiṭṭhāti saddhamme. Imehi kho, bhikkhave, pañcahi dhammehi samannāgato bhikkhu na cavati, patiṭṭhāti saddhamme’’ti.

 (A.5/8, Sekhabalavaggo, Cavanasuttaṃ)

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